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Bitinayte E.A. Hindu sources of M. K. Gandhis concepts on ideal society

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2016-2 in rubric " ", pages 214-222.

Resume: The researchs object is the model of ideal society by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. This one is part of his project of proper development for India. Author analyzes the key ideas of his project and depicts traditional Hindu components in his social philosophy. Gandhi represents development of society as process of permanent creating the auspicious external conditions for people's spiritual development. Gandhi's model of ideal society is presented as interim stage at the path to the finish goal of Hinduism moksha (spiritual freedom). Based on analysis of the categories, author investigates the content of the most important Gandhi's terms (true civilization, Ramarajya, Swaraj, Sarvodaya) and relations between them. Comparative approach helps to determine correlation of Hindu and Western ideas in Indian philosopher's model of ideal society. Firstly in Russian science is investigated the question about sources of different ideas, determined Gandhi's model of society, based on a justice. As a result in his project of social development is found both universal ground, applied to any society, and national component, applied to India.

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DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2016.2.13910

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