Published in journal "Law and Politics", 2015-6 in rubric "Ñóäåáíàÿ âëàñòü", pages 840-842.
Resume: This article examines the issues associated with the history of emergence of the principle of equal protection of the laws throughout the period since the introduction of the 14th amendment to the U.S. Constitution until present time. Through the prism of legal precedent, the author analyzes such phenomena as discrimination and positive discrimination, the “positive measures” policy of the US government, and mechanisms of verification of presence or absence of signs of discrimination within any given act of the branches of government. The author makes a conclusion on the existence of two types of discrimination of African-American population: direct discrimination and positive discrimination. As a mechanism for deterring discrimination, the author examines the method of “strict scrutiny” formed by the legal precedent of the Supreme Court of the United States. This mechanism could be used to prevent discrimination in other social areas, thus its application could also enrich the Russian legal science and practice.
Keywords: U.S. Constitution, USA, 14th Amendment, Supreme court of the United States, positive discrimination, discrimination, equal protection, public interest, 5th Amendment, Strict scrutiny
Strander v. West Virginia (1880)
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Burton v. Wilmington Parking Authority (1961)
Brawn v. Board of Education (1954)
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978)
A.A. Mishin, V.A. Vlasikhin. Konstitutsiya SShA: politiko-pravovoy kommentariy. M. 1985. S. 296-298.
Stephen A. Siegel. The Origin of the Compelling State Interest Test and Strict Scrutiny. American Journal of Legal History, Vol. 48. ¹. 4. 2006. P. 393 – 394
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